The effects of livestock rustling on livelihoods of pastoral communities in the Turkwell river belt along the Turkana/Pokot border

Livestock rustling is not a new phenomenonamong pastoral societies in Kenya. Traditionally, various pastoral communities use raiding as a cultural practice for restocking of herds, especially after periods of drought or outbreaks of diseases. However, in recent years, livestock raiding has become more frequent, violent and destructive. This study was established to assess the effects of livestock rustling on the livelihoods of pastoral communities living along the Turkwel River belt which divides Turkana South and West Pokot Districts.

Associations of farm management practices with annual milk sales on smallholder dairy farms in Kenya

Aim: Cows on smallholder dairy farms (SDF) in developing countries such as Kenya typically produce volumes of milk that are well below their genetic potential. An epidemiological study was conducted to determine reasons for this low milk production, including limited use of best management practices, such as suboptimal nutritional management.

Malnutrition prevalence in HIV positive mothers' infants due to early weaning from breast feeding attending child welfare clinics within Kibera Slums In Nairobi, Kenya

This is a cross sectional descriptive study, aimed at determining the malnutrion prevalence among infants of mothers living with HIV / AIDS. Early weaning from breast milk is important in preventing mother to child HlV transmission. Therefore participants in this study will be mothers living with HlV / AIDS practicing early weaning from breast milk. Mothers with infants of 3 months to one year old who were subjected to this condition will be included in the study.

Thermal Performance of Four Types of Water Heating Flat Plate Solar Collectors for Providing Process Heat for Milk Pasteurisation

Thermal performance tests were carried out on four water heating flat plate solar collectors with the aim to select a suitable one to be used to provide process heat for milk pasteurisation. The collectors included three commercial solar collectors purchased from local shops in Nairobi, Kenya and one prototype collector designed and fabricated by the author. The three commercial solar collectors had effective areas of 1.67, 1.87 and 1.83 m2 while the self-made collector had an effective area of 1.60 m2.

Feeding practices for children aged 0-24 months and feeding alternatives for those born to hiv positive mothers and their association with nutritional status: a case study of Kisii district Hospital -Kenya

Poor breastfeeding and infant feeding practices have adverse effects on the health and nutritional status of children, HIV being one of the major confounding circumstances in infant feeding. Against the backdrop of this realization, efforts are therefore required to protect, promote and support appropriate infant feeding practices. The study was designed to assess the infant feeding practices and feeding alternatives available for children of the untested mothers and those born to HIV positive mothers, and the factors determining choice of infant feeding alternatives.

Reproductive performance and wastage in Goats in arid and semi arid areas of Kenya with special emphasis on pre-weaning mortality

This thesis records the results of a study on the reproductive performance and wastage (reproductive efficiency) in indigenous goats in arid and semi-arid areas of Kenya, with special emphasis on pre-weaning mortality. The study can be broadly divided into 3, including an initial slaughterhouse and field survey and an on-farm and on-station study.

A Study Of Responses Of Milk Processing Firms To Increased Turbulence In The Macro Environment Of The Dairy Industry In Kenya: A Case Study Of New Kenya Co-operative Creameries Limited

This management research has one major objective, to identify the responses New K.C.C Ltd. has put in place to respond to increased turbulence in the dairy industry. This is a case study whose respondents comprise of the departmental heads of the company. The primary and secondary data collection methods were applied. Personal interviews guided by a semi-structured questionnaire were used to collect the primary data. Content analysis method was used for data analysis.

Estimating the economic value of non timber forest products to the adjacent communities of Marsabit forest reserve, Marsabit county, Kenya

Non-timber forest products are biological components of the forest ecosystem that exist in nature and are generally not cultivated and are of great importance to the forest adjacent communities due to their ability to support and sustain their livelihood practices while also contributing to forest conservation. However, understanding of their economic value by both the local communities, market forces, planners, policy makers and implementers is low thus often presenting poor economic signals on their worth.

Influence of small ruminant rearing projects on household food security in Tinderet Division, Nandi south District, Kenya

Achieving food security remains an elusive goal to many developing countries, with nearly all of the 929 million undernourished people coming from the developing countries, sub-Saharan Africa where Kenya lies contributes 25% of the world’s malnourished population. The persistence of the hunger problem in Kenya calls for diversification from crop production in tackling the scourge.

Effect of allocation of fixed amounts of concentrates on milk yields and fertility of dairy cows

Nine Friesian (405+21 kg) and nine Ayrshire (394+ 18 kg) lactating dairy cows were used to determine the effects of reallocation of afixed amount of concentrate feed to different phases of lactation on milk yield. They were blocked by breed and parity into six blocks and randomly assigned within block to the three treatments in a randomised complete block design.

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