A study on distribution of domestic tasks and its influence on children's performance in schools (Maasai Pastoral Community Mashuru Division, Kajiado District)

The objective of this study was to establish the relationship between domestic chores allocated to children and school performance vis-avis child well being. The Study embraced quantitative and qualitative (including gender analysis tools) research methods. The setting was Mashuru division - Kajiado district. Results: 80% felt that domestic chores interferes with their academic work, 68% felt that girls are allocated more duties than boys, 41% felt that boys naturally work harder than girls.

Dissemination And Adoption Of Improved Fodder Trees: The Case Of Calliandra Calothyrsus In Embu District, Kenya

This study assessed the effectiveness of different extension methods in reaching farmers in different gender categories of dairy farms to inform them about Calliandra calothyrsus fodder trees technology and also factors determining adoption. Data was collected on 300 randomly selected farm households in Embu. The sample households were gender disaggregated at two levels, first, according to the gender of the household head and then on the basis of gender of dairy enterprise manager.

Nutrient Adequacy Of Porridges Used For Complementary Feeding In Kangemi-Nairobi

The main objective of the study was to investigate the nutrient adequacy of porridges used for complementary feeding among children aged 6-24 months in Kangemi. To achieve the objective, the types of porridges consumed, levels and patterns of their consumption, preparation methods and nutrient (energy, protein, calcium, iron, zinc and vitamin A) content were determined. The extent of use of the porridges by mothers, the proportions of nutrients contributed by porridges to the daily dietary intake and storage practices were also examined.

Enhancement of peste des petits ruminants (ppr) diagnosis through analysis of experimental infection of sheep and goats and validation of real time polymerase chain reaction as a diagnostic tool in Kenya

Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is an acute viral disease of small ruminants caused by a Morbillivirus and characterized by fever, oculo-nasal discharges, stomatitis, diarrhea and pneumonia. The disease is relatively new in Kenya and is thus not well described or understood by many stakeholders. This study was aimed at enhancing the diagnosis of PPR through description of clinical course and pathological changes in sheep and goats experimentally infected with Kenyan isolates of Peste des petits virus and to validate the use of real time reverse transcriptase PCR as a diagnostic tool.

Lactic acid bacteria and yeasts involved in the fermentation ofamabere amaruranu, a Kenyan fermented milk.

Indigenous fermented milk products contain microbiota composed of technologically important species and strains which are gradually getting lost with new technologies. We investigated the microbial diversity inamabere amaruranu, a traditionally fermented milk product from Kenya. Sixteen samples of the product from different containers were obtained. One hundred and twenty isolates of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and 67 strains of yeasts were identified using API 50 CH and API 20 C AUX identification kits, respectively. The average pH of all the traditional fermented samples was 4.00 ± 0.93.

Spatial analysis of risk factors and their effects on peste des petits ruminants control strategies in kajiado and marsabit pastoral systems of Kenya

The contribution of sheep and goats to pastoralist livelihoods and economies is limited by the frequent occurrence of small ruminant diseases such as Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR). PPR, also known as ‘goat plague’, is a highly contagious viral disease of sheep and goats characterised by sudden onset of depression, bilateral eye and nasal discharges, mouth sores , pneumonia, foul-smelling diarrhoea and death. In susceptible small ruminant herds, PPR virus infections result in high morbidity rates of 90 percent (%) and mortality rates of 70%.

Colonic absorption and secretion of electrolytes as seen in five species of East African herbivorous mammals

1. The camel, sheep, goat and donkey were equally efficient in recovering fluids from colonic contents. Zebu cattle were the least efficient. 2. Compared to other species, Zebu cattle demonstrated a reduced sodium and water absorption, and a net chloride secretion. 3. Volatile fatty acid absorption was most evident in the colon of Zebu cattle and the donkey. 4. With the exception of the potassium flux, the camel, sheep and goat demonstrated similar patterns of colonic electrolyte movement.

Studies on lactic acid producing microflora in mursik and kule naoto, traditional fermented milks from Nandi and Masai communities in Kenya

The following study gives information on identity and some characteristics of fermentative lactic acid producing microflora isolated from Mursik and Kule naoto, traditional fermented milk products from Nandi and Masai communities respectively. Both products were assessed for their chemical and microbial composition. The study showed that the fermented milk products had high ash content compared to the raw or commercial processed milk.

The challenges facing refugees and their influence on socio-economic development of local community in Daadab camps in Kenya

The purpose of this study was to investigate the socio-economic impact of refugees' presence in Daadab Camps, Garissa District, North Eastern province. This research proposal looks at the challenges faced by refugees, their socio- economic activities and intervention measures by the host state, Nongovernmental Organization and aid agencies. Stratified random sampling was used to select respondents who gave information concerning refugees' presence in Dadaab camps and their socio-economic lives.

Social and gender determinants of risk of cryptosporidiosis, an emerging zoonosis, in Dagoretti, Nairobi, Kenya

The aim of the study was to investigate the social and gender determinants of the risk of exposure to Cryptosporidium fromurban dairying in Dagoretti, Nairobi. Focus group discussions were held in six locations to obtain qualitative information on risk of exposure. A repeated cross-sectional descriptive study included participatory assessment and household questionnaires (300 randomly selected urban dairy farming households and 100 non-dairying neighbours).

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