Feasibility of integrating organic milk production into certified smallholder organic farms in Kiambu and Kajiado counties, Kenya

Organic livestock production can be considered as a system of production that better fulfils animal needs, promotes use of organic and biodegradable input for production and reduce the use of conventional veterinary treatments. As demand for organic dairy products increases in Kenya, especially in Nairobi, so does the need to supply the growing demand. Increased diversification of organic production is needed to meet the growing demand.

The Desert Margins Programme Approaches in Upscaling Best-Bet Technologies in Arid and Semi-arid Lands in Kenya

Kenya’s land surface is primarily arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs) which account for 84% of the total land area. The Desert Margins Programme (DMP) in Kenya has made some contribution to understanding which technology options have potential in reducing land degradation in marginal areas and conserving biodiversity through demonstrations, testing of the most promising natural resource management options, developing sustainable alternative livelihoods and policy guidelines, and replicating successful models.

Characterizing small-holder dairy farms: a multivariate approach

In the recent past numerous papers have used mathematical programming methods to analyze the smallholder farming systems problems. Unfortunately the existence of heterogeneity amongst smallholder farmers in any area is not given its due recognition in most of the papers. The current study uses principal component and cluster analysis to construct classification of Smallholder farms in two regions in Senegal. The main sources of differences amongst the clusters obtained is grazing systems and marketing methods of dairy products. Asset ownership and feeding group of farmers was distinct.

Valuation of Genetically Determined Cattle Attributes Among Pastoralists of Kajiado District: Implications for Breed Conservation

Domestic animal diversity in developing countries is embedded in traditional farming and pastoral communities who manage their livestock according to their indigenous knowledge and in tune with local constraints. Especially in marginal environments, local livestock breed/rare crucial for sustaining rural livelihoods by producing a wide range of products while requiring relatively low levels of input with regard to fodder, management and health care.

The use of preserved colostrum for rearing replacement dairy calves: calf performance, economics and on-farm practicability in Kenya.

A total of 133 observations on mean daily mass gains from 19 calves reared on either whole milk (control) or preserved colostrum (treatment) were estimated. The control group had a total of 104 observations computed, while the treatment group had a total of 29 observations. There was no significant difference in the overall mean daily mass gains between the treatment and control groups which were 0.2257 and 0.3607 kg, respectively (P < 0.1).

Internal parasitism in milk goats in Kenya.

Observations were made on individual cases and on herds showing the effects of internal parasitism on the health and productivity of Toggenberg and Saanan goats. The clinical reactions varied markedly, being influenced by the degree of infestation and duration of illness. Typical cases showed emaciation, anaemia, oedema, weakness and sometimes diarrhoea and death. Faecal analyses were dominated by strongyle egg and coccidial cyst counts which rose progressively throughout the study period. Overstocking led to some animals being at greater risk.

Use of test day milk yield records for genetic evaluation in Sahiwal cattle.

Test day milk yield (TMY) records from the first three lactations were used to estimate genetic and phenotypic parameters in the Sahiwal cattle in Kenya, using animal models in multivariate analyses. In the first analysis, a multivariate repeatability model was used where the TMY records within lactation were considered as repeated traits and the three lactations treated as separate traits. In this case, heritability estimates ranged from 0.22 to 0.30 and were highest in lactation two. In the second analysis, eight TMY in the three lactations were considered as separate traits.

Factors influencing sustainability of dairy goat projects: a case of integrated small livestock project in Mukurweini District, Central Province, Kenya

The Livestock sub-sector accounts for 12% of Kenya's Gross Domestic Product (GDP), 40% to the agricultural GDP and employs 50% of agricultural labour force and the sector is dominated by small scale producers. Upgrading of indigenous goats with the exotic dairy goat breeds through development projects like Integrated Small Livestock Project (lSLP), developed high quality cross bred dairy goats with potential to produce more milk and meat and help contribute to poverty alleviation and nutrition deficiencies.

Application of linear mixed models in microarray

This project captures the problem of large microarray datasets and seeks to identify a statistical model of microarray hybridization intensity data that describes;differential regulation, sample variability and measurement noise. It also shows how one can use the data model to analyze the microarray data and develop optimal methods for detecting differentially regulated peripheral blood leukocyte mRNA from cattle infected with Trypanosoma congolense using microarray in order to assay components of the immune and inflammatory responses and identify potential correlates of the pathology.

Knowledge management as source of sustainable competitive advantage

Creation and sustenance of competitive advantage continues to be the central agenda in strategic research and practice. Farms strive to survive and succeed in competition by pursuing strategies that enable them to perform better than their competitors. Therefore, the study seeks to assess knowledge management as source of sustainable competitive advantage and its impact on the performance of Egerton University farms. Performance was analyzed in terms of productivity and profitability. The productivity was assessed as mean yields per acre for crops such as wheat, barley and maize.

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