Assurance of marketed milk quality in Kenya

Food safety standards require the implementation of specific standards from production-to-consumption. The Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP) is now a widely accepted methodology in risk analysis for industrially processed foods. The application of HACCP is a bigger challenge in developing countries where food market channels are less formal.. This study adapted a HACCP methodology to assess health risks at different points in the informal milk marketing network.

Influence of donor funding on socio-economic development of the Pokot comunity in Pokot central district, Kenya

Rural development aims at uplifting the socio-economic conditions of rural community. Community donor aided projects through NGOs and faith based organization are growing in Kenya. Today the government, Non-Governmental organization and some churches are receiving donor support to implement community projects. The ELCK North West diocese and cabesi project are beneficiary of such donor assistance. While we appreciate donor assistance there is need to assess the impact of this assistance to the intended beneficiaries.

Trends of breastfeeding in "Laini-Saba" (Kibera) and their relationship to child health

This study was carried out in "Laini-Saba" village of the Kibera slum area in Nairobi. It examined the prevalence of breast feeding among mothers resident in such an urban slum setting, and also attempted to understand the relationship between such factors as employment or educational level of a mother and her ability to breastfeed successfully. In the same vein, the study looked into the various reasons which slum dwelling mothers may have for discontinuing breastfeeding and introducing other foods into their babies' diets.

Factors associated with introduction of complementary feeding of infants below six months, in Machakos District, Kenya

Breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices are crucial for optimal growth and development during infancy. Optimal feeding practice in the first year of life is crucial for the survival and health of infants, and has long-term consequences in later life. However, non-optimal feeding practices exist widely in Machakos. The present study therefore aimed at finding out factors associated with early introduction of complementary feeding for the life of infants in Machakos district, Kenya. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Machakos district between August and September, 2006.

Milk composition for admixed dairy cattle in Tanzania.

It is well established that milk composition is affected by the breed and genotype of a cow. The present study investigated the relationship between the proportion of exotic genes and milk composition in Tanzanian crossbred dairy cows. Milk samples were collected from 209 animals kept under smallholder production systems in Rungwe and Lushoto districts of Tanzania.

Pastoralists' indigenous selection criteria and other breeding practices of the long-horned Ankole cattle in Uganda.

The criteria for identification, selection and kinship assignment of Ankole cattle and their roles to pastoralists were studied on 248 farms in Kiboga, Mbarara, Mpigi and Sembabule districts of Uganda using a questionnaire, administered during one-to-one interviews. Farms were randomly sampled along transects originating from the headquarters of each of the 19 sub-counties studied. We found that male Ankole cattle are reared for income from sales, meat for home use and ceremonies, aesthetic value and to maintain cultural heritage.

Organochlorine pesticide residues in breast milk of mothers living in Nairobi, Kenya

A total of 216 human milk samples were collected from mothers either attending post natal clinics or in the maternity wards of some hospitals in Nairobi. The samples were analysed for organochlorine pesticides by use of a gas liquid chromatograph equipped with a 63Ni electron capture detector.

Assessing the Economic Efficiency of Milk Production Among Small-scale Dairy Farmers in Mukurweini Sub-county, Nyeri County, Kenya

Kenya boasts of having the best dairy sector in the region. The sector is the best performing in the agricultural sector, contributing 17% to the agricultural gross domestic product (GDP) annually. It is dominated by small-scale farmers who account for the highest amounts of milk produced in the country especially in the Central and Rift Valley regions.

An economic analysis of dairy production systems in Nyamira District, Kenya

This study was motivated by the need to find out whether farmers could increase their profits through intensification of input use. The major objective of the study was to characterize the dairy production systems in terms of management practices, i~put use and the costs and returns associated with each production system. The constraints faced by farmers in each production system were identified and means of easing them suggested. The data used in the study was collected from 150 farmers in three dairy production systems practised by farmers in Nyamira district.

Association between malnutrition and feeding practice among children aged six–twenty four months at Mbagathi District Hospital-Kenya

Background: Exclusive breast feeding for the first six months of life and appropriate introduction of complementary feeds is a key determinant of the nutrition status of children. Objective: To assess the feeding practices among children 6- 24 months of age and its relationship with their nutritional status at Mbagathi District hospital. Methodology: We conducted a case control study at the MDH pediatric emergency outpatient clinic between February and April 2013.

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