Genetic parameters and trends in production and reproductive traits at the Kenya Sahiwal Stud

Presents results of a trial conducted in Kenya Sahiwal Stud from the period 1964 through 1988 to estimate genetic parameters and trends in production traits by analysing milk yield, birth weight of calves, service period, number of services per conception and calving interval.

Descriptive analysis of the Dairy - Crop mixed farming system in // Wundanyi Division of Taita District, Kenya

This study was carried out to analyse the mixed crop-dairy farming system in the highlands of Wundanyi Division, Taita District, Kenya. The aims of the study were to identify the farmers' objectives; to determine resource availability and allocation; to identify the constraints, coping strategies and opportunities; and to get the trends of the farming system activities, performance and interactions. The study was undertaken over an eleven months period to capture the activities and trends in the two rainy seasons in the area.

Household factors influencing food security status in Bulawayn village, Bardera district, Gedo region of Somalia

The specific research problem addressed in this study is that despite an increased amount of dollars being donated to Somalia for humanitarian assistance, the food security status of the households remains grim and there has been no effort to carry out empirical formative research on actual causes of food insecurity within the households that would inform the design and implementation of these humanitarian interventions. The main objective of this study is to examine the household factors influencing food security status in Bulawayn village using a logistic regression procedure.

Ethnic conflicts among pastoralists in Marsabit district : a case study of the Boran-Rendille conflict

Violent conflicts involving pastoralists have become widespread and increasingly severe in the Northern Kenya. This study identities and examines the the factors contributing to such conflicts, and discusses issues and priorities for conflict prevention and peace building. On the basis of this examination, a number of conclusions and recommendations are proposed on ways in which the stakeholders could contribute to the concerted efforts of curbing violent conflicts involving pastoralists in Kenya.

A social-economic analysis of preferences for fodder legumes and information flow among farmers

Low quantities and poor quality basal diet, and lack of high quality protein feeds have been identified as the major constraints to improved milk production in sub-Saharan Africa. In Kenya the problem is compounded by high cost of commercial feeds that are beyond the reach of the smallholder dairy producers, resulting in farmers producing only 50% of the potential annual milk production of 4 billion litres. There have been several attempts to introduce fodder legumes in livestock production systems without success in most regions.

Mastitogenic bacteria isolated from dairy cows in Kenya and their antimicrobial sensitivity

There is limited epidemiological knowledge on udder health in Kenyan dairy cattle that would aid in a pro-active approach towards mastitis prevention. The study objectives were: (1) to investigate the prevalence and distribution of clinical and subclinical mastitis in dairy cattle in Mukurwe-ini and Nakuru Districts, Kenya, and (2) to determine the antibacterial sensitivity of the organisms causing bovine mastitis in these districts.

Nutritional knowledge in association with dietary practices of Cancer patients: A case study of Kenyatta National Hospital Cancer treatment center, Nairobi

Cancer is on the increase in Kenya and has become one of the leading public health problems. This increase is possibly attributed to change in behavior and adoption of predisposing lifestyles such as smoking, alcohol intake, low consumption of fruits and vegetables, high intake of highly processed foods and lack of physical activity. Cancer patients undergoing treatment such chemotherapy and radiotherapy experience side effects such as lack of appetite, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. This often leads to malnutrition and low immune function, making them even more predisposed to infections.

Sampling African malaria vectors using limburger cheese and 'milk cream' as odour baits

The efficacy of Limburger cheese as an odour bait for sampling African malaria vectors was evaluated. Studies were done in Suba district, Western Kenya at Lwanda Nyamasare village and in a screen house set up at the Thomas Odhiambo campus of the International Center of Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE). Preliminary investigations compared mosquitoes caught by a Counter Flow Geometry (CFG) trap baited with Limburger cheese, a standard centres for disease control (COC) light trap, an Entry trap and Man Landing Catches (MLC).

Organochlorine pesticide residues in mothers' and cow milk in Iganga and Kampala districts, Uganda

The extent of environmental pollution as a result of extensive and indiscriminate use of pesticides in Uganda has not heen well established. Organochlorine pesticides in particular are persistent in the environment and have the ability of translocation and biomagnification along the natural food chains. Since man is at the top of most food chains, higher levels of these chemicals accumulate in the body which could be harmful to health. Of special concern are the breast-fed infants who could be regarded as the terminal link in the human rood chain.

Do healthy very-low-birth-weight infants fed on their own mothers' milk require sodium supplementation?

Sodium and potassium levels were measured weekly in mothers' milk and in serum and urine of 41 supplemented and 25 unsupplemented very-low-birth-weight infants whose mean birth weights were 1390g and 1332g, respectively (mean gestational age, 31 weeks). Sodium intake was 5.95mmol/kg/day for the supplemented group and 2.75mmol/kg/day for controls. None of the infants in either group was hyponatremic during the 6-week period of study. Urinary sodium in the supplemented group was 15.7mmol/L as compared with 7.5mmol/L in controls.

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