CAMEL MILK POST HARVEST HANDLING PRACTICES

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Mineral profile in the plasma of free ranging camels (Came/us dromedarius) in Kenya

The levels of important macro and trace minerals were assessed in the plasma of lactating camels kept by pastoralists in Kenya. The average plasma Ca and Na concentrations were below while mean concentration for K, P, Fe, Zn and Co were within the reported range. Mg concentration was above the reported range. Plasma concentration of Ca, K, Na and Zn decreased from dry to wet season, and of Mg, P and Co increased. Plasma Fe and Co were same in both seasons. Other factors that may affect the plasma concentration of these minerals were also assessed

Energy expenditure during level locomotion in large desert ungulates: the one‐humped camel and the domestic donkey

This study sought to quantify the rate of energy expenditure (), the total cost of transport (COTtot) and the net cost of transport (COTnet) in camels Camelus dromedaries and donkeys Equus asinus during level locomotion. of camels and domestic donkeys were measured at exercise speeds between 0 and 4.17 m s−1. Resting for camels was significantly (P<0.05) lower than predicted, while donkeys exhibited resting values similar to mammals of the same body mass. In both camels and donkeys increased in a nearly linear fashion over the range of exercise speeds.

Evaluation of dry matter yields and silage quality of six Sweet Potato varieties

A study was conducted to evaluate the dry matter yields and silage qualities of six sweetpotato varieties (Gweri, Naspot-I, Wagabolige, Musinyamu, 103001.152 and Kemb-23) at the Faculty of Agriculture field station, University of Nairobi. The experiment.was laid out in a split plot randomized block design with the six varieties as the main plots and two harvesting regimes (at 75 and 150 days) as the subplots. At the 75 day harvest, the vines were weighed prior to chopping and wilting for silage making and determination of DM yield and nutrient content.

The relationship between agricultural financing and productivity of dairy farming in central Kenya

Agriculture in Kenya among the small holders is still traditional and subsistence in nature, agricultural finance is needed to create the supporting infrastructure for adoption of new technology. Massive investment is needed to carry out major and minor agricultural activities such as, rural electrification, purchase of livestock feeds, installation of fertilizer and pesticide plants, execution of agricultural promotional programmes and poverty alleviation programmes in the country.

Correlation of actual live weight and estimates of live weights of Camel calves (Camelus dromedarius) in Samburu District of Northern Kenya

A study was conducted in Samburu district of northern Kenya in pastoral production systems to develop a formula for estimating the live weight of camel calves. Heart girth (HG), abdominal girth (AG) and shoulder (wither) height (SH) measurements were taken by a tape measure. Also the camel calves were gently suspended on a scale using a sling and the actual live weight measured. Fifty nine (59) camel calves were measured.

Evaluation of forages as mineral sources for camels in western Marsabit, Kenya

A survey to identify forage mineral sources for settlement-based camels was carried out in the semi-arid rangelands of the southwestern Marsabit district of Kenya during dry and wet periods. The respondents included men and boys who were responsible for the herding and watering of camels in the area. Identification of the sources was followed by field verification, sampling and analyses for minerals. A table of mineral composition of the sources was compiled.

The Desert Margins Programme Approaches in Upscaling Best-Bet Technologies in Arid and Semi-arid Lands in Kenya

Kenya’s land surface is primarily arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs) which account for 84% of the total land area. The Desert Margins Programme (DMP) in Kenya has made some contribution to understanding which technology options have potential in reducing land degradation in marginal areas and conserving biodiversity through demonstrations, testing of the most promising natural resource management options, developing sustainable alternative livelihoods and policy guidelines, and replicating successful models.

Kenya dairy farmer perception of moulds and mycotoxins and implications for exposure to aflatoxins: a gendered analysis.

In the tropics, staples such as maize are often contaminated with mycotoxins, harmful by-products of fungal metabolism. In particular, high exposure to aflatoxins may cause fatal illness in people and animals, while chronic exposure can cause liver cancer in humans and, in domestic animals, growth depression and immune suppression. However, little is known about the potential health risks of milk contaminated with aflatoxins.

Organochlorine pesticide residues in commercial infants' milk formulas on the Kenyan market

Organochlorine contaminants were not detected in any of the 5 commercial infant formulas examined. This is in contrast to the high levels of some organochlorine pesticide residues which have been found in mothers’ milk and some agricultural products in Kenya. Nevertheless, the practice of breast‐feeding is still to be strongly recommended because of its many advantages

Antimicrobial Agents Detected In Marketed Milk In Kenya

Drug residues in foods are a major public health concern in many countries, especially where most food sales bypass official quality assurance channels. In common with many tropical countries, sales of unpasteurized milk in Kenya account for over 85% of marketed milk. This milk is either sold directly from producers to consumers or via various cadres of informal market agents.

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