A longitudinal study of milk somatic cell counts and bacterial culture from cows on smallholder dairy farms in Kiambu District, Kenya

As part of an integrated study on health and production of dairy cattle on smallholder farms in central Kenya, quarter-milk samples, survey and production data were collected monthly for one year from 210 lactating cows on 89 farms. Each of these cows was sampled at least once during the study period. Farms were selected in a 2-stage stratified random sample. Average milk yield was low (5.8 kg/day; median = 5 kg/day) and lactation length was long (20 months). Clinical mastitis risks were low (1% per month).

Detection of staphylococcal enterotoxins in milk and meat in Nairobi Kenya using Enzymes Linked Immunosorbent Assay

Staphylococcus aureus is a cause of food poisoning in humans characterized by vomiting, headache, abdominal pain, and diarrhoea that occur 1-6 hours following consumption of contaminated food. This study was carried to determine the rate of contamination of milk and meat products with enterotoxigenic S. aureus in Nairobi. Analysis was done at the Department of Public Health, Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Nairobi. A total of 400 milk and meat products were collected around Nairobi.

Prevalence of dairy goat mastitis in Central Kenya Highlands

One hundred and thirty does in seven dairy goat farmer groups in Nyeri district (Central Province) were examined to determine the prevalence and aetiology of mastitis and risk factors associated with it. The goats, which were registered with the Kenya studbook, comprised of a mixed population of Saanen, Toggenburg, Small East African and German Alpine crosses. The selected does, most (91 %), of which were under zero grazing system were sampled over a three-month period.

The determinants of demand for artificial insemination in Kenya

The haphazard and sudden implementation of liberalization policies in the 1990's in Kenya led to a reduction in the use of agricultural technology, as cost recovery begun to bite. Policymakers have struggled to understand why these effects were particularly sharp in the use of Artificial Insemination in dairy cattle. Using a qualitative response model we examine the factors that determine the demand for AI in the central Kenya highlands.

Role of credit in the uptake and productivity of improved dairy technologies in Kenya

The potential for increasing marketable domestic milk production lives mainly in improving the technologies used as the smallholder farm sector. The other area of concern to complement technology improvement would be to strengthen dairy input and output marketing systems. The motivation for the current study arose from the observation of research institutions such as KARI Agricultural Universities and ILRI. This developed dairy farmers seem to be relatively slow in adopting the technolgies.

Analysis of government's political interference in strategic decisions and actions at Kenya co-operative creameries ltd (KCC ltd), between 1963 to 2003

This was a case study of the Kenya Cooperative Creameries Ltd (KCC). The study was About the analysis of the government's political interference in the strategic actions and decisions in milk processing industry. The objectives of the study were to determine the political processes that characterized management of strategic actions and decisions at KCC LTD 1960 to 2003 and to establish strategic changes introduced at KCC LTD during the said period.

Characterization of grade dairy cattle owning households in mixed small scale farming systems of Vihiga, Kenya

This study characterized grade dairy cattle owning households, specifically understanding the farm system as influenced by grade dairy cattle production systems. Information was collected through a pre-tested structured questionnaire, administered to a purposive sample of 236 grade dairy cattle owning households in Vihiga from April to August 2005. Results obtained showed 0.76, 0.54, 0.58 and 0.24 acres of land were allocated to maize/beans, napier grass, tea and natural pastures/fallow land respectively.

Comparison of the effects of supplementing diets of Protein Energy malnourished children at Mbooni family life training centre with milk-yellow Maize Porridge or Tempe-yellow Maize Porridge

A prospective case control study, (a clinical trial type and interventional in nature) was carried out at Mbooni Family Life Training Centre. Effects on weight gain, growth rate, diarrhoea experience and rehabilitation period of supplementing the diets of Protein Energy Malnourished children (PEM children) with either bean-tempe yellow maize porridge or milk-yellow maize porridge were studied.

The Application Of Ecological Niche Model To Map Out The Rift Valley Fever Risk Areas In Kenya

Rift Valley fever (RVF) is an acute, mosquito-borne zoonotic viral disease of economic importance caused by a virus of the Phlebovirus genus, Bunyaviridae family that mainly affects ruminants and humans. It causes abortion in gravid animals and high mortality in young animals, characterized by massive hepatic necrosis and pantropic haemorrhage. Rift Valley fever-like disease in livestock was first reported in Kenya in 1912. Numerous studies have shown close relationship between climatic conditions and outbreaks of Rift Valley Fever.

Factors influencing sustainability of ruminant livestock projects in the dry lands in Kaloleni district, Kilifi county, Kenya

This was a study on the factors influencing sustainability of ruminant livestock projects in Kaloleni district, Kilifi County, Kenya. The study was carried out in July covering the larger Kaloleni District.

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